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a+u 2020:07 Feature: Architecture in the 70’s “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times…” but not the 1970s

a+u 2020:07

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SKU: 402007 Category:

English + Japanese / 192 Pages / 219 x 292 mm / 540 g

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In 1968, a turning point for postwar society, a series of political upheavals symbolized by the May Revolution in Paris forcefully brought about social and cultural reforms. The 1970s that followed, despite a sense of crisis and uncertainty, became a period that heralded a wide range of new thinking and experimentation in the architecture world.

The underlying question behind all of this was “where do we look for the foundations that will determine architecture”? This was also a question of recovering aspects that a modern architecture based on “function” and “universality” had caused to be lost.
The 1970s was a time when “architectural theory” was widely discussed and published. I asked the leading historian of architectural theory, Professor Harry F. Mallgrave, to write an essay on the discourses that were particularly important and the architecture connected to them, while also taking into account aspects of the cultural and social background of that era.

This entire issue is made up of relevant works of architecture and discourses laid out with reference to the three topics that Professor Mallgrave outlines in his essay – “The Presumed Crisis of Meaning”, “The Real Crisis of Urban Theory”, and “The First Stirrings of the Ecology Movement, Both Natural and Human”. Finally, the editorial team added examples related to the topic of “The Vernacular and the Language of Modernism”.
The result is a cross-section of the 1970s: an era that was neither the “best” nor the “worst” of times.

Yasuhiro Teramatsu, Guest Editor


Introduction Essay: “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times…” but not the 1970s Harry Mallgrave

I. The Presumed Crisis of Meaning

White & Gray: Eleven Modern American Architects Peter D. Eisenman and Robert A. M. Stern Bye Residence, John Hedjuk / House VI, Peter Eisenman / Office for Gunwyn Ventures, Michael Graves / House in Connecticut, Robert A. M. Stern / Franklin Court, Robert Venturi / Vacation House in Maine, Edward Larrabee Barnes / Douglas House Richard Meier / Austrian Travel Agency, Main Office, Hans Hollein / The Museum of Modern Art, Gunma, Arata Isozaki Commentary: Architecture in 70s Jun Aoki

II. The Real Crisis of Urban Theory

Essay Reprint: Analogical Architecture Aldo Rossi Gallaratese Housing, Primary school in Fagnano Olona, San Cataldo Cemetery in Modena, Theater of the World, Aldo Rossi / Church of the Sacra Famiglia, Paolo Portoghesi Essay Reprint: Architecture and Building – The reconstruction of a collective language as demonstrated in the project for the Quartier de la Villette Léon Krier The middle school of Morbio Inferiore, Mario Botta / Banco Pinto & Sotto Mayor, Bouca Housing Complex, Álvaro Siza Essay Reprint: to catch a precise moment of flittering image in all its shades Álvaro Siza Alexandra Road Estate, Neave Brown / Student Housing, University of Louvain, Lucien Kroll / Central Beheer, Herman Hertzberger / Hillside Terrace Apartment Phase 3, Fumihiko Maki

III. The First Stirrings of the Ecology Movement, both Natural and Human

Sydney Opera House Jørn Utzon and others / Olympiastadion, Munich Frei Otto, Gunter Behnisch Interview Reprint: Questionnaire to Norman Foster IBM Pilot Headquarters, Willis Faber & Dumas, Sainsbury Center for Visual Arts 102, Norman Foster Essay Reprint: LL (Long Life) / LF (Loose Fit) / LE (Low Energy) versus Foster Reyner Banham UOP, Georges Pompidou Cultural Center, Piano and Rogers Essay Reprint: Piano + Rogers’ Architectural Method Reyner Banham World Trade Center, Minoru Yamasaki / Sears Tower, SOM / Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Gunnar Birkerts / Arcosanti, Paolo Soleri

Appendix. The Vernacular and the Language of Modernism

Gehry House, Frank Gehry / House in Uehara, Kazuo Shinohara / Casa Gilardi, Luis Barragán / Arango Residence, John Lautner / Bagsvaerd Church, Can Lis, Jørn Utzon / Holscher House, Knud Holscher / Hedmark Museum, Archbishopric Museum, Sverre Fehn / Islev Church Inger & Johannes Exner